Travel Guideline

We can see the general introduction of Beijing from China Culture website.

Beijing, Jing for short, is the nation's political, economic, cultural and educational center as well as China's most important center for international trade and communications. Together with Xian, Luoyang, Kaifeng, Nanjing and Hangzhou, Beijing is one of the six ancient cities in China. It has been the heart and soul of politics and society throughout its long history and consequently there is an unparalleled wealth of discovery to delight and intrigue travelers as they explore Beijing's ancient past and enjoy its exciting modern development.
 

Although now Beijing is a modern and fashionable city complete with full 21st century vitality, you can experience authentic Beijing life and become acquainted with “old Beijing” by exploring its many teahouses, temple fairs, Beijing's hutongs and siheyuans and enjoy the Peking Opera.

With the biggest central square in the world - Tian'anmen Square, the Forbidden City that is the largest and best-preserved imperial palace complex, a superbly preserved section of the Great Wall, as well as the largest sacrificial complex in the world - the Temple of Heaven, Beijing attracts both domestic and foreign visitors who all come to wonder at its century-old history and unique cultural relics.

Follow me to know the details for the below famous cultural relics in Beijing. (Source from Chinahighlights)

 

Tian'anmen Square: Meaning in Chinese and Pronunciation
Tian'anmen Square, or less correctly Tiananmen Square, is named after the Tian'anmen gate to its north, separating it from the Forbidden City. The gate's literal name ‘Heaven Peace Gate' (天安门 Tiān'ānmén /tyen-an-mnn/ ) is usually translated "Gate of Heavenly Peace".

The Size of Tian'anmen Square
Tian'anmen Square is the largest famous world square, eclipsing Delhi's India Gate Complex and Warsaw's Parade Square, on its expansion in 1959. It fulfilled Chairman Mao's vision of being the largest square in the world for 17 years, until 1976, the year Mao died. It's now the seventh largest city square in the world (and the fourth largest in China [2019]), at 440,000 square meters (109 acres) in size. It can hold about 1 million people for public celebrations or gatherings.

What Tian'anmen Square Is Famous For
Tian'anmen Square has great cultural significance as it has been the site of several important events in Chinese history.

 

The Forbidden City

 

The Forbidden City is the palatial heart of China. Constructed in 1420, during the early Ming Dynasty, it is China's best-preserved imperial palace, and the largest ancient palatial structure in the world.

As one of the five most important palaces in the world, the grand halls and walls proudly display the essence and culmination of traditional Chinese architecture, fitting for the capital city of the world's largest nation.

 

Beijing Summer Palace — Best Imperial Garden

 

The Summer Palace , in northwest Beijing, is said to be the best preserved imperial garden in the world, and the largest of its kind still in existence in China. It is only a short drive (15 km) from central Beijing, but seems like another world.

Most people find they need to spend at least half a day there, as there’s so much to see and enjoy.

The Summer Palace’s landscaped gardens, temples, and pavilions were designed to achieve harmony with nature, to soothe, and to please the eye. So the Chinese name ‘Nourishing Peace Garden’ is apt.

During the hot Beijing summers, the imperial family preferred the beautiful gardens and airy pavilions of the Summer Palace to the walled-in Forbidden City. Dowager Empress Cixi took up permanent residence there for a time, giving rise to some wonderful tales of extravagance and excess.

 

The Great Wall

 

The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest sights in the world — the longest wall in the world, an awe-inspiring feat of ancient defensive architecture. Its winding path over rugged country and steep mountains takes in some great scenery.

The Great Wall facts
Chinese name: 长城 (Chángchéng /channg-chnng/ 'Long Wall')
Location: Northern China
Length: 21,196.18 km (13,170.7 mi), all known sections were measured
History: more than 2,300 years

 

The Temple of Heaven - Top Imperial Worship Site

The Temple of Heaven was the most important of Beijing's imperial temples. It was where emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties (from 1420 to 1900) worshiped the god of heaven and prayed for good harvests.

It has been described as "a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design".

 

 

Fore more information about the attractions of Beijing, you can search it on website or visit the chinahighlights.